Our Metal Stock

Useful Steel Data

 

Business Hours:
Monday - Friday
8:00 a.m. until 5:00 p.m.

Need A Quick Quote?
Click the button below.


Metal Stock, Inc.


We carry seamless and welded stainless steel and carbon steel pipe. Check out our inventory of steel tubing and piping.

Click the link below to download a printable PDF reference of seamless and welded pipe data.

Pipe Dimensions PDF.


ASTM A316 / 316 L:

BACK TO STAINLESS STEEL PAGE

Disclaimer: The content of this page is for general information only and is not to be used for engineering or design. The content of this material specification page was compiled from available public sources and authorities on material properties. Although we believe the information to be corrrect, Metal Stock, Inc. is not responsible for the accuracy of any of the material specifications and only presents this data as general information for our customers..

316 / 316L dual certified stainless is an "18-8" austenitic chromium-nickel steel modified by the addition of molybdenum, which greatly increases the corrosion resistance as well as the mechanical properties at elevated temperatures. 316/316L is non-magnetic in the annealed condition and not hardenable by heat treatment. 316/316L is more resistant to atmospheric and general corrosive conditions than any of the other standard stainless steels. The addition of molybdenum provides an extra measure of corrosion resistance making this grade suitable for applications involving severe corrosive conditions such as use in the chemical industries and marine atmospheres. This grade of stainless may become slightly magnetic when cold worked.

316 stainless plate conforms to ASTM A167, ASTM A240, ASME SA240.

316 / 316L stainless generally conforms to ASTM A276, ASTM A479, AMS 5648.

316 / 316L stainless sheet conforms to ASTM A167, ASTM A240, MIL-S-5089, QQ-S-766.

 

General Information about 316 / 316L:


APPLICATIONS:

316 / 316L is used extensively for paper pulp handling equipment, process equipment for producing photographic chemicals, inks, rayon, rubber, textile bleaches and dyestuffs, and high temperature equipment. Since 316/316L has good cold forming and drawing properties, it is an outstanding stainless steel for a large number of applications. Manufactured by the electri-furnace process, 316/316L meets the exacting standards of the aircraft industry. It is widely used in the chemical industry and is used for pumps and pump shafts, oil rig pumps, medical instruments, food preparation equipment. Because 316/316L possesses the highest creep and tensile strengths at elevated temperatures of any of the more commonly used stainless steels, it finds extensive use where the combination of high strength and good corrosion resistance at elevated temperatures is required.

MACHINING AND WELDING:

316 / 316L machinability is rated at 36% of B1112. Average cutting speed is 60 ft/min. It is easily welded by all commercial processes except forge or hammer welding. Annealing is recommended after forging to maintain maximum corrosion resistance. 316/316L can be forged between 2100° - 2300°F. Do not forge below 1700°F.

HEAT TREATING - Forging, Normalizing, and Annealing:

316 / 316L is not hardenable by heat treatment. Cold working increases tensile strength and hardness. Annealing range is between 1850° and 2050°F. Cool rapidly. Water should be used for heavier sections; air for lighter sections. The stress relieving range is between 400° and 750°F.

 

BACK TO STAINLESS STEEL PAGE


Site By: Thierry Boehm 2012 | Photos and Videos By: Randy Boehm